Resources mobilization by Self-Help approach to Rural Development Program in Vietnam: Lessons from Saemaul Undong in Korea
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Name of the Asset | Resources mobilization by Self-Help approach to Rural Development Program in Vietnam: Lessons from Saemaul Undong in Korea
Type of Asset | Working Paper
Date | November 2015
Since the introduction of the Doi Moi policy in 1986, Vietnam has witnessed high economic growth accompanied by rapid urbanization, but an increasing gap between rural and urban areas. This study compares and contrasts rural development in Vietnam with Korea. It pursues discussions with Vietnamese experts, including officers in the NRD Central Steering Committee and Korean experts from the KDI School of Public Policy and Management, in order to understand the differences in results between the two countries. It also examines survey results from North and South Vietnam. It finds that Vietnam’s new rural development (NRD) program has improved the living standards of people in rural areas. However, external assistance is not stable, and the NRD is not likely to achieve prosperity and modernization for Vietnam’s rural communities. The two main reasons are the lack of investment capital and lack of effective ways to mobilize community involvement. In contrast, during the 1970s rural areas in Korea experienced huge improvements under the government’s New Village Movement (Saemaul Undong). The study recommends that Vietnam must apply a self-help approach for rural people to contribute more proactively to NRD. Resource mobilization strategies to change villagers’ attitude and increase their involvement in Vietnam’s rural development movement are needed.
- Nguyen Thi My Hanh
- Do Thu Trang
- Vu Thu Trang
Country and/or Region | Vietnam
Name of the Program | KOICA Development Research Award 2014-15, a research competition held on the theme of the 'Relevance of Korean Development Experience in Developing Countries Regional Research Competition
Funder(s) | Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)
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