The Global Development Network Working Paper Series disseminates GDN-funded research by combining the best research produced by GDN researchers and contributions from leading scholars.

Location of the Poor: Neighborhood Versus Household Characteristics: The Case of Bogotá
Author : Juliana Aguilar and Tito Yepes
Date : July 2013
Description : In Latin American cities there is a high correlation between the location chosen by poor households and their income level. Results question the emphasis that local social policies pay to improve spaces while they could have a greater impact on welfare conditions giving more relevance to the portable assets of the poor.
Urban Externalities in the Small Developing Countries of Asia and Latin America: A Comparative Case Study Analysis of Squatter Settlements in Nepal (Kathmandu) and Ecuador (Quito)
Author : Shiva Raj Adhikari, Damodar Regmi and Vanessa Pinto
Date : July 2013
Description : Rapid urbanization has led to a spurt in the number of squatter settlements. The study provides a fresh look at negative externalities of squatter settlements in the process of urbanization and is undergone in Kathmandu, Nepal and the similar city of Quito, Ecuador.
Manufacturing Firms’ Performance in a Trade Liberalization Process: The Case of Uruguay
Author : Dayna Zaclicever and Laura Da Costa
Date : June 2013
Description : The research evaluates the impact of trade liberalization and regional integration on the performance of Uruguayan manufacturing firms, analyzing how firms have responded to the trade policy changes implemented in Uruguay since the 1970s.
Women’s Self-employment in Poland: A Strategy for Combining Work and Childcare?
Author : Anna Matysiak and Monika Mynarska
Date : June 2013
Description : The paper investigates whether self-employment, which generally offers greater flexibility with respect to the hours and place of work, is chosen by women in order to achieve a better balance between paid work and family. The empirical research on this topic has provided conflicting evidence.
Agricultural Pricing and Public Procurement in South Asia
Author : Parakrama Samaratunga, Meeta Punjabi Mehta, Binod Karmacharya and Uttara Balakrishnan
Date : June 2013
Description : In the past five years since the global food spikes began, it has become clear that agriculture plays an extremely important role in global markets. This paper, through a review of the existing literature and stakeholder interviews, attempts to bring out the various contours of the debate.
Irrigation and Water Use Efficiency in South Asia
Author : Ali Hasanain, Shahid Ahmad, Muhammad Zia Mehmood, Sidra Majeed and Genet Zinabou
Date : June 2013
Description : South Asia is one of the world’s most densely populated and poorest regions, but also the region with the highest rates of irrigated agriculture. This paper reviews the water policy experiences of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives, and elaborates on policy options.
Improving the Effectiveness, Efficiency and Sustainability of Fertilizer Use in South Asia
Author : Mustafa K. Mujeri, Siban Shahana, Tahreen Tahrima Chowdhury and Khondoker Tanveer Haider
Date : June 2013
Description : This study aims to identify the major constraints that reduce the effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability of fertilizer use in South Asia. These factors cover a threefold issue at different stages of fertilizer use: economic factors, physical and technological factors, and institutional factors.
Addressing Long-Term Challenges to Food Security and Rural Livelihoods in South Asia
Author : K.S. Kavi Kumar, Kamal Karunagoda, Enamul Haque, L. Venkatachelam and Girish Nath Bahal
Date : June 2013
Description : Notwithstanding its impressive economic growth, food insecurity in South Asia continues to be a stark reality for a large number of households. Against the backdrop of increasing divide between farm and non-farm income levels, this paper examines the potential long-term challenges that aggravate food insecurity in the region.
Managing Agricultural Commercialisation for Inclusive Growth in South Asia
Author : Vijay Paul Sharma, Dinesh Jain and Sourovi De
Date : June 2013
Description : This paper provides an assessment of the trends in commercialisation of agriculture in South Asia. The main strategies to facilitate the process of commercialisation, which is more inclusive, are also recommended.
Agricultural Pricing and Public Procurement in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author : T. Ademola Oyejide, Olumuyiwa Alaba, Abiola Abidemi and Uttara Balakrishnan
Date : June 2013
Description : The analysis presented in this synthesis reviews and assesses findings and conclusions of selected studies on agricultural food pricing and procurement as a means of addressing the rising concerns relating to access to food as Sub-Sahara African countries are transformed from net food exporters to net food importers.
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