Main findings from the Madagascar study
  • Remote sensing along with in situ observation can be a useful tool to establish natural capital accounts through a multi-disciplinary and consultative process.
  • These accounts are particularly relevant to understand the interaction between the environment and socio-economic activities in a protected area
  • These accounts can also provide a useful tool for the management of the protected area






This study describes the application of natural capital accounting methodology to a small size protected area in the northwest region of Madagascar, Antrema. Using remote sensing methods, in situ observations, it provides  two land cover maps, one in 2004 and another one in 2014, and draws from them the changes of land use that occurred during that period. The maps also helped build bio-physical accounts for changes in ecosystemic infrastructure and carbon. These accounts describe the evolution characteristic of the area, that might otherwise have gone unheeded. The accounts form the basis of engaging a discussion between key stakeholders, i.e., managers of the area, local populations, and government, on how to achieve the twin goals of preserving the ecosystemic infrastructure and enabling the development of socio-economic activities. These discussions laid the ground for the expanding to generate an inclusive process that will help achieve the sustainable development of Maagascar.


The team organized a workshop on 19-20 October 2015. The workshop aimed to disseminate the first results of the research done by the team, to show the methodology they used to establish natural capital accounts, and above all to raise the awareness on natural capital accounting among Malagasy stakeholders. Most of the attendees had aready heard of natural capital accounting, since Madagascar is one of the pilot countries for the program WAVES (Wealth Accounting and the Valuation of Ecosystem Services.)

This workshop was able to gather key stakeholders including researchers from different disciplines, practitioners and policy-makers who could play a role in preserving the biodiversity of Madagascar without impeding the development of sustainable socio- economic activities. Policy-makers at the workshop were particularly interested in this approach, and the event closed with every party showing their willingness to carry forward this exercise.

Download the full study.

Supported by


  • French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development
  • French Agency for Development (AFD)




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