Bookmark
Print
Facebook
Twitter
GDN FUNDED PAPERS
Uniform Level of Funding or Differential Financing: A Policy Simulation Exercise for Health Financing
Project : Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability
Author : by Varun Sharma and Nehal Jain
Date : January 2013
Description : The health systems in India suffer from low level of public spending. Low public spending on health care has often been cited as one reason for the poor quality of services in public health facilities, leading to a shift in health care utilization from the public sector to the private sector. The study focuses on the utilization of untied funds under the National Rural Health Mission’s (NHRM) umbrella to different levels of public health facilities. Untied funds are categorized as “NRHM Additionalities” disbursed to health facilities to improve their functioning, for innovative ideas and unforeseen expenditure. Hence, the prime focus of the study is to comment on the utilization of untied fund and provide alternative approaches for reallocation and effective utilization of funds which ensures equity and efficiency.
Universal Social Protection for Catastrophic Diseases in Argentina: A Policy Simulation
Project : Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability
Author : by Federico Tobar, Gabriela Hamilton, Sofía Olaviaga and Romina Solano
Date : March 2013
Description : In Argentina, The National Survey on Health Spending and Utilization, 2010, estimated that approximately 6 percent of households have health expenses that exceed 34 percent of their income. However, the economic impact is even greater for the health system as a whole and for health providers who have to finance medication and health services to cover CD, either due to legal obligations or judicial decisions. Against this, our hypothesis is that the creation of a National Insurance for Catastrophic Diseases (NICAD) would allow universal coverage and homogenizing protection against these diseases at a lower cost.
The Health Insurance System in Peru: Towards a Universal Health Insurance
Project : Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability
Author : by Janice Seinfeld, Vilma Montañez and Nicolás Besich
Date : March 2013
Description : In the year 2009, the Peruvian Congress approved the Universal Assurance Framework Law (AUS) which aims to guarantee the right to health security to all.Among the most neglected segments in relation to health insurance are the lower-middle and low income groups.Our policy goal in this document is to come up with strategies to move forward with the universal health insurance coverage and quality of the services.
Policy Simulation of Measles Immunization Programs for Children in Borno State, Nigeria
Project :
Author : by Ebere Uneze, Sabastine Akongwale and Ibrahim Tajudeen
Date : March 2013
Description : Despite the efforts of the Nigerian government, policy makers and other stakeholders towards increasing the vaccination coverage against infections in children, the coverage for immunization against measles remains very low. While the problem is acute in the northern part of Nigeria, its present form in Borno state requires even greater and most urgent attention. This study is an attempt to bring the issue to the fore. It conducts a policy simulation exercise (for children between the ages of 9-23 months) on two measles immunization programs: free immunization against measles along with media awareness campaign (Policy A) and free immunization against measles with house-to-house campaign (Policy B) to boost measles immunization coverage. The study estimates the relative cost and the effectiveness of the measures, such as health benefits, morbidity avoided and mortality averted.
Policy Simulation Analysis Health
Project :
Author : by Hovhannes Margaryants
Date : March 2013
Description : Antenatal (ANC), also referred to as prenatal care, i.e., care of pregnant mothers, is a key component of the health of a pregnant woman and the primary means of identifying and treating complications before birth, as also informing women about their health behavior. Antenatal care varies between countries and in different settings within each country. Women in rural areas make fewer ANC visits and receive fewer services than urban women. The difference in ANC visits between urban and rural areas suggests that special attention must be given to the ANC program in rural areas by focusing on its content.
Increasing Access to HIV treatment/ART through Scaling-Up ART in West Java
Project : Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability
Author : by Adiatma Y.M. Siregar and Pipit Pitriyan
Date : March 2013
Description : The number of HIV cases in Indonesia has been rising rapidly, increasing the need for antiretroviral treatment (ART). However, the public health expenditure on HIV/AIDS is relatively low; ART is undersupplied and has limited funding. New strategies are required to increase the uptake of ART within the limited resource setting. In this study the authors simulate the increase of ART uptake as an outcome of scaling up ART in hospital or at the community level. The authors use this simulation to forecast the costs and implications on the HIV epidemic in West Java by employing the HIV in Indonesia Model (HIM).
An Optimal Tobacco Tax
Project : Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability
Author : by Ricardo Cantú
Date : March 2013
Description : The tobacco industry in Mexico, as a whole, takes away more from society than what it contributes to the economy. This is because some of its externalities, such as tobacco attributable diseases and the consequent losses in productivity – adding up to some $52,000.0 million MXN – far outweigh the industry’s value added to the economy, including taxes, totaling to approx. $39,413.3 million MXN.The main objective of this work is to find the optimal specific tobacco tax that will at least cover the amount that the society (including the government) spends in correcting the externalities of the industry in question. Estimations say that such tax should be $22 MXN on each cigarette pack (leaving unchanged the current ad valorem rate of 160 percent). The eventual benefits of a given reduction in the number of smokers were also estimated. The cost-benefit analyses, to be found at the end of this report, indicate that taxes have a better ratio in reducing the number of smokers compared to any other hypothetical anti-smoking policy with a similar aim.
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: Drinking Water Utilities in Belgaum City Corporation
Project : Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability
Author : by Sandeep M.S. and Divya Krishnaswamy
Date : March 2013
Description : With the proliferation of projects involving private sector participation in the water supply infrastructure sector and over USD 500 billion in investments predicted to flow into this sector, an analysis of these projects assumes importance. The present report is based on a cost-effectiveness analysis of drinking water utilities in the City Corporation of Belgaum, northern Karnataka. The corporation managed and private operator (Veolia water) managed water supply utilities were compared.
Policy Alternatives in Primary School Management and Grade Structure in Peru: A Cost-Effectiveness Exercise
Project : Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability
Author : by Betty M. Alvarado and Graciela Muñiz
Date : March 2013
Description : This paper uses a Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CE or CEA) approach to explore some policy recommendations to improve learning performance of primary students and increase sector efficiency. The team has selected policies linked with the supply side and mostly related to the school or productive units in this sector at the level of primary basic education. Researchers selected two scenarios or topics: the first compares the CE and cost efficiency of three types of schools (size), and the second compares the CE of two school management models.
Cost Benefit Analysis of the Uganda Post Primary Education and Training Expansion and Improvement Project
Project : Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability
Author : by Sarah Ssewanyana, Goeffrey Okoboi and Ibrahim Kasirye
Date : March 2013
Description : The African Development Bank (AfDB)—through the Uganda Post Primary Education and Training Expansion and Improvement (UPPTEI) project—provided a loan of about US$ 85 million to expand secondary schooling over the period 2009-2014. This study examines the cost-benefit analysis of this particular project.
 
Narrow Your Search